Structure of Categories: Governance 148 9.1. 22. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is the world’s oldest and largest global environmental organisation. Request PDF | Understanding IUCN protected area categories | Protected areas are the primary tool for in situ biodiversity conservation across the world. Through the Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas and the system of IUCN protected area categories IUCN influences how protected areas are managed. In this session Md Rizwan Ahmed will discuss about IUCN, Criterion for identification of Protected areas and threatened species in a given region. What are the categories of IUCN protected area management? Category II – National Park. The Protected Areas are declared under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.   Contents. In countries such as Kenya and Belize, marine reserves allow for low-risk removals to sustain local communities. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1965, has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species. | EduRev UPSC Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 128 UPSC Students. Category Ib – Wilderness Area. It comes under the category called “Protected Areas”. IUCN, 2014. These regions of environmental protection roughly correspond to IUCN Category V Protected areas. The categories are recognized by international bodies such as the United Nations and by many national governments as the global standard for defining and recording protected areas and as such are increasingly being incorporated into government legislation. Kms of … IUCN protected area categories, or IUCN protected area management categories, are categories used to classify protected areas in a system developed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).. Extinct (EX) – No known individuals remaining. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas, has defined its Category II type of protected areas. Laws made by the government with the contributions of international organizations like the United Nations. IUCN has classified species into categories of Extinct, Extinct in wild, Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, etc based on data collected across the world. Wetlands of international importance and the IUCN system of protected area management categories Ramsar Secretariat 138 8.2. Category Ia: Strict Nature Reserve: These areas are often home to dense native ecosystems that are restricted from all human disturbance outside of scientific study, environmental monitoring and education. 5pp. important species details related to environment for upsc prelims and mains examination. Description. They limit anthropogenic activities and exploitation of resources in these areas. ; Extinct in the wild (EW) – Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range. IUCN has more than 1,200 member organizations including 200+ government and 900+ non-government organizations. IUCN Category VI - Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources Description. Criticism [ edit ] It has been claimed that the IUCN puts the needs of nature above those of humans, disregarding economic considerations and the interests of indigenous peoples and other traditional users of the land. Category III – Natural Monument or Feature. The Indian government has founded Biosphere Reserves of India, which shelters greater areas of natural environment rather than National Park or Wildlife Sanctuary. Marine Protected Areas in India are the area defined under IUCN Guidelines. 2.2 IUCN Protected Area Management Categories 7 2.3 Facts and figures 11 2.4 Key characteristics of Protected Landscapes 12 2.5 An approach “whose time has come” 13 3. Categories; Category Ia – Strict Nature Reserve; Category Ib – Wilderness Area Sets out 30 guidelines related to urban protected areas as they relate to urban people, places, and institutions. IUCN Red List which is considered as the most comprehensive inventory of global conservation status of plant and animal species, classifies species into 9 categories which are specified by the criteria such as population size, rate of decline, area of geographic distribution, degree of … History. World Heritage and IUCN categories Marc Patry 143 9. Reduction in population size (>90% over the last 10 years) The enlisting of such areas is part of a strategy being used toward the conservation of the world's natural environment and biodiversity. 5pp. WCPA Best Practice Protected Area Guidelines Series No. Biosphere Reserves are large areas of bio diversity where flora and fauna are protected. Applying the categories to different zones in an MPA 26 5.1. The Union’s headquarters are located in Gland, near Geneva, in … IUCN Category VI - Protected Area with Sustainable Use of Natural Resources (Areas) Tools Protected Planet a tool for visualizing information on protected areas at the site level, country level, regional level and global level. Sep 06,2020 - Under which IUCN protected area management National Park falls?a) Category IIb) Category IIIc) Category Id) Category IVCorrect answer is option 'A'. It also developed a standard to identify Key Biodiversity Areas — places of international importance for conservation. Unpublished Report, September 2011. Case study South Korea – Marine Categories. Can you explain this answer? This session is useful for the aspirants of UPSC CSE prelims 2020. this session will be delivered in english and the notes will be provided in the same language. … English edition Français Português Chinese (link to unofficial edition) Includes profiles of urban protected areas in 15 metropolitan areas. IUCN protected area management categories classify protected areas according to their management objectives. However, IUCN does not impose IUCN management categories on a protected area. These regions of environmental protection roughly correspond to IUCN Category V Protected areas. Categories and conservation conventions 137 8.1. Answer: IUCN Protected Area Management Categories: Category Ia – Strict Nature Reserve. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) categories. IUCN protected area categories Last updated March 17, 2020 IUCN Logo. These supplementary marine guidelines are aimed at ensuring that the IUCN categories can be effectively applied to all types of MPAs as well as to any marine components of adjoining terrestrial protected areas, provided a site meets the IUCN definition of a protected area. In 1948, the IUCN established a Committee on National Parks. India has around 8,000 kms of coastline with two island systems, viz, the Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep, and 2,305,143 Sq. Combined or adjoining terrestrial and marine projected areas 26 5.3 ‘Nested sites’ 26 5.4. Unpublished Report. Founded in 1948, today IUCN the largest professional global conservation network. ; Critically endangered (CR) – Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.. Criteria For Designation Of Biosphere Reserve Strictly protected areas set aside to protect biodiversity and also possibly geological/geomorphologic features, where human visitation, use and impacts are strictly controlled and limited to ensure protection of the conservation values. Types of classification. The IUCN protected area management categories as applied to MPAs 21 5. Generally large areas, with most of the area in a natural condition, where a proportion is under sustainable natural resource management and where low-level non-industrial use of natural resources compatible with nature conservation is seen as one of the main aims of the area. There were calls for establishing protected areas for 20 to 30% of the world’s oceans by the goal date of 2012. IUCN Protected Areas Categories Summit – Almeria, Spain – May 2007 _____ 5 8. IUCN has a Red List which provides a systematic list of plants and animals into various categories. Ia Strict Nature Reserve. IUCN protected area categories, or IUCN protected area management categories, are categories used to classify protected areas in a system developed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). IUCN Category II - National Park Description. IUCN is the governing body responsible for the development of the Protected Area Management Categories into which each protected area is divided depending on its conservation requirements and management aims. Boundaries are decided by the countries government. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) categories. The definition of Protected Area provided by IUCN has been broadly accepted across the world and is an important topic for the UPSC Geography Syllabus and topics related to the Environment. Applying a category to an entire MPA 26 5.2. Protected areas also include marine protected areas. Following are the 9 categories in the IUCN red list: . IUCN category. Category IV – Habitat/Species Management Area. This includes information on the IUCN category where known. Through its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), the IUCN has developed six Protected Area Management Categories that define protected areas according to their management objectives, which are internationally recognised by various national governments and the United Nations. The criteria for designation, management and business implications depend on a number of factors, but can largely be separated based on the management objective and governance type of the area, which are described in the appropriate section below. Cat IUCN Protected Area Management Categories: ; Ia: Strict nature reserve A marine reserve usually connotes "maximum protection", where all resource removals are strictly prohibited. Biosphere Reserves cover a spread-out in an area of biodiversity where flora and fauna are sheltered. Large natural or near natural areas set aside to protect large-scale ecological processes, along with the complement of species and ecosystems characteristic of the area, which also provide a foundation for environmentally and culturally compatible spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitor opportunities. Category V – Protected Landscape/Seascape. The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves of India, which protect larger areas of natural … Secondly, in 2000, IUCN members voted in favour of a recommendation at the World Conservation Congress suggesting that governments ban mining, mineral extraction and exploration in certain IUCN protected area categories, causing a furore in the mineral industry (Koziell & Omosa, 2003). Guidelines for applying the IUCN Marine Protected Area Management Categories to Marine Protected Areas: a field testing report by the Maldives Whale Shark Research Programme (MWSRP). India and Marine Protected Areas. 7 Stolton, S, Shadie, P. and Hag Young Heo (2011). According to IUCN protected areas are those in which human occupation or at least the exploitation of resources is limited. IUCN PROTECTED AREA CATEGORIES.
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