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kim jong il funeral

[136], United States Special Envoy for the Korean Peace Talks, Charles Kartman, who was involved in the 2000 Madeleine Albright summit with Kim, characterised Kim as a reasonable man in negotiations, to the point, but with a sense of humor and personally attentive to the people he was hosting. [151], In February 2012, on what would have been his 71st birthday, Kim was posthumously made Dae Wonsu (usually translated as Generalissimo, literally Grand Marshal), the nation's top military rank. On 8 July 1994, Kim Il-sung died at the age of 82 from a heart attack. Jong-il, right, died in December aged 69 after 17 years running the world's most reclusive state [135] His official biography also claims that Kim composed six operas and enjoys staging elaborate musicals. Japan's Fuji Television network reported that Kim's eldest son, Kim Jong-nam, travelled to Paris to hire a neurosurgeon for his father, and showed footage where the surgeon boarded flight CA121 bound for Pyongyang from Beijing on 24 October. [86], On 5 November 2008, the North's Korean Central News Agency published 2 photos showing Kim posing with dozens of Korean People's Army (KPA) soldiers on a visit to military Unit 2200 and sub-unit of Unit 534. [10] Kim's mother, Kim Jong-suk, was Kim Il-sung's first wife. The funeral was accompanied by a slow march performed by a military band and an oscillating commentary from a newscaster identified as Ri Chun-hee, who announced Kim Jong-il… There were more than 500 activities for studying and distributing the works in at least 120 countries and regions in 2006. [2][3][4] Kim assumed supreme leadership during a period of catastrophic economic crisis amidst the dissolution of the Soviet Union, on which it was heavily dependent for trade in food and other supplies, which brought a famine. It has also been reported by Donga.com that Kim was spotted last week walking on his own at his resort in Wonsan in the eastern coast of North Korea, a US government official has said. Inside his family, he was nicknamed "Yura", while his younger brother Kim Man-il (born Alexander Irsenovich Kim) was nicknamed "Shura". Thousands of mourners have turned out, for the funeral of North Korea's former leader, Kim Jong-il, a week and a half, after his death. Shigemura moreover claimed a voiceprint analysis of Kim speaking in 2004 did not match a known earlier recording. As observed by Daniel Sneider, associate director for research at the Stanford University Asia–Pacific Research Center, this flirtation with capitalism was "fairly limited, but – especially compared to the past – there are now remarkable markets that create the semblance of a free market system". The third vehicle in … [56] On 9 October 2006, North Korea's Korean Central News Agency announced that it had successfully conducted an underground nuclear test. However, in practice Kim, like his father before him, exercised absolute control over the government and the country. … A personality disorder evaluation", "Kim Jong-il collected news and commentary", "Hidden Daughter" Visits Kim Jong-il Every Year, BBC, North Korea's secretive 'first family', Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, On Further Improving Party Ideological Work, Our Socialism Centred on the Masses Shall Not Perish, Eternal General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, Eternal Chairman of the National Defence Commission, Abduction of Shin Sang-ok and Choi Eun-hee, Vice-Marshals of the Korean People's Army, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kim_Jong-il&oldid=996822735, Leaders of political parties in North Korea, Chairmen and General Secretaries of the Workers' Party of Korea, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Pages using infobox officeholder with unknown parameters, Articles containing Russian-language text, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1980–2011: Member, Presidium of the Political Bureau of the 6th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea, 1974–2011: Member, Political Bureau of the 5th, 6th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea, 1972–1997: Secretariat of the Workers' Party of Korea, 1972–2011: Member, 5th, 6th Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea, 1982–2011: Deputy, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th Supreme People's Assembly, 1997–2011: Chairman, Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea, 1980–1997: Member, Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea, 1990–1993: First Vice Chairman, National Defense Commission, Party Center of the WPK and Member, Central Committee of the WPK (1970s), Member, Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of the DPRK, Eternal Leader (posthumous) (January 2012 – present), Generalissimo of the DPRK (posthumous) (January 2012 – present), Eternal General Secretary, Workers' Party of Korea (posthumous) (11 April 2012 – present), Eternal Chairman of the National Defence Commission (posthumous) (13 April 2012 – present), Eternal leader of the Workers' Party of Korea (posthumous) (7 May 2016 – present), Eternal leader of Juche Korea (posthumous) (29 June 2016 – present), This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 19:55. [81], On 19 October, North Korea reportedly ordered its diplomats to stay near their embassies to await "an important message", according to Japan's Yomiuri Shimbun, setting off renewed speculation about the health of the ailing leader. [59], The prevailing point of view is that the people's adherence to Kim's cult of personality was solely out of respect for Kim Il-sung or out of fear of punishment for failure to pay homage. [111] The two were estranged for some years before Kim's death. The Sunday Telegraph reported that most of the money was in banks in Luxembourg. On his 60th birthday (based on his official date of birth), mass celebrations occurred throughout the country on the occasion of his Hwangap. [103], On 28 September 2010, Kim was re-elected as General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea. [164] In 2009, KCNA put the numbers as follows: At least 354,000 copies of [Kim Jong-il's works] were translated into nearly 70 languages and came off the press in about 80 countries in the new century. Officials also announced plans to install statues, portraits, and "towers to his immortality" across the country. Prior to 1980, he had no public profile and was referred to only as the "Party Centre".[24]. Compiled by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. North Korean media remained silent on the issue. [167] Volumes three to eight were never published in English. They have a girl called Kim Hye-kyung,[113] who was born in 1968. [152] Also in February 2012, the North Korean government created the Order of Kim Jong-il in his honor and awarded it to 132 individuals for services in building a "thriving socialist nation" and for increasing defense capabilities. "[148], Kim's funeral took place on 28 December in Pyongyang, with a mourning period lasting until the following day. [91], In November 2008, Japan's TBS TV network reported that Kim had suffered a second stroke in October, which "affected the movement of his left arm and leg and also his ability to speak". He had last been seen in public a month earlier. [115][117] They also had a daughter, Kim Yo-jong, who was about 23 years old in 2012. [153], Kim received numerous titles during his rule. Some United States officials noted that soon after rumours about Kim's health were publicized a month before, North Korea had taken a "tougher line in nuclear negotiations". Faced with a country in decay, Kim adopted a "Military-First" policy to strengthen the country and reinforce the regime. [18], Throughout his schooling, Kim was involved in politics. Kim's rule also saw tentative economic reforms, including the opening of the Kaesong Industrial Park in 2003. Kim Jong-il[a] (Korean: 김정일; Korean pronunciation: [kim.dzɔŋ.il];[b] 16 February 1941 or 1942 – 17 December 2011) was a North Korean politician who served as the second Supreme Leader of North Korea from 1994 to 2011. It cited Chinese sources which claimed that one cause for the stroke could have been stress brought about by the United States delay to remove North Korea from its list of state sponsors of terrorism. [96], Kim Yong Hyun, a political expert at the Institute for North Korean Studies at Seoul's Dongguk University, said in 2007: "Even the North Korean establishment would not advocate a continuation of the family dynasty at this point". Kim Jong-il’s Funeral Procession. [26] Defence Minister Oh Jin-wu, one of Kim Il-sung's most loyal subordinates, engineered Kim's acceptance by the Army as the next leader of North Korea, despite his lack of military service. [109], There were speculations that the visits of Kim abroad in 2010 and 2011 were a sign of his improving health and a possible slowdown in succession might follow. [33] Although Kim Jong-il had been his father's designated successor as early as 1974,[34] named commander-in-chief in 1991,[35] and became Supreme Leader upon his father's death,[36] it took him some time to consolidate his power. 679215 Registered office: 1 London Bridge Street, London, SE1 9GF. [60] Media and government sources from outside North Korea generally support this view,[61][62][63][64][65] while North Korean government sources aver that it was genuine hero worship. She was handpicked by his father and married to him in 1966. Asian stock markets fell soon after the announcement, due to similar concerns. Cecil B. DeMille would have admired the funeral of Kim Jong-il. It was also noted that Kim did not appear in public for the Olympic torch relay in Pyongyang on 28 April 2008. On 13 April 2012, Kim Jong-il was made Eternal Chairman of the National Defence Commission and Eternal General Secretary of the Workers Party of Korea. [120], He had a younger sister, Kim Kyong-hui. [14], In 1945, Kim was four years old when World War II ended and Korea regained independence from Japan. The images published by Planet Labs shows temporary buildings commonly used for military parades being installed in capital Pyongyang sometime after April 18. During a rare visit in 2006, Kim expressed admiration for China's rapid economic progress. [163] In 2000, it was reported that the Workers' Party of Korea Publishing House has published at least 120 works by Kim. [92], In response to the rumors regarding Kim's health and supposed loss of power, in April 2009, North Korea released a video showing Kim visiting factories and other places around the country between November and December 2008. In addition, North Korea experienced severe floods in the mid-1990s, exacerbated by poor land management. Seoul's Chosun Ilbo newspaper reported that "the South Korean embassy in Beijing had received an intelligence report that Kim collapsed on 22 August". [172] His first major literary work was On the Art of the Cinema in 1973. Kim ruled North Korea as a repressive and totalitarian dictatorship. Analysts said this meant "the military may have taken the upper hand and that Kim might no longer be wielding absolute authority". Kim was the General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), WPK Presidium, Chairman of the National Defence Commission (NDC) of North Korea and the Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army (KPA), the fourth-largest standing army in the world. A portrait of Kim Jong-il is carried during his funeral procession through the snowy streets of Pyongyang. This service is provided on News Group Newspapers' Limited's Standard Terms and Conditions in accordance with our Privacy & Cookie Policy. The service will end 13 days of mourning following Kim Jong-il’s death on December 17. According to his official biography, the WPK Central Committee had already anointed him successor to Kim Il-sung in February 1974. In April 2009, North Korea's constitution was amended to refer to him and his successors as the "supreme leader of the DPRK".[154]. [100] Prior to his death, it had been reported that Kim was expected to officially designate the son as his successor in 2012. According to Hwang, Kim Jong-il personally directed even minor details of state affairs, such as the size of houses for party secretaries and the delivery of gifts to his subordinates. North Korea has begun two days of funeral services for late leader Kim Jong-il with a huge procession in the capital, Pyongyang. There is speculation that the parade could be for the leader's funeral similar to the incredible scenes in 2011 when his father Kim Jong-il died. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/dec/23/north-korea-kim-jong-il-funeral Kim Jong-il's funeral in 2011 Credit: AFP. [106] Kim travelled to China again in August 2010, this time with his son, fueling speculation at the time that he was ready to hand over power to his son, Kim Jong-un. About 200,000 North Koreans bade a tearful farewell today to “Dear Leader” Kim Jong-il in a three-hour funeral procession in Pyongyang that made one point clear: North Korean strategists want the world to know that third son Kim Jong-un is their new leader. [114][115] However, after years of estrangement, Song is believed to have died in Moscow in the Central Clinical Hospital in 2002. As Kim Jong-Il's funeral convoy moved slowly through the streets lined up by mourners, a view overhead revealed eerily symmetrical crowds lining up the path of the procession. However, South Korea has insisted that Kim is "alive and well", while other reports suggest he is isolating because of Covid-19 at his private resort in Wonsan. Other websites. The source said: “It has been identified that Kim Jong Un had been staying in Wonsan during the entire last week. The funeral cortege was led by a black limousine bearing a huge portrait of a smiling, benign-looking Kim Jong-il and drove slowly through the streets of the city. His father Kim Il-Sung handpicked her to marry his son. Kim commanded the armed forces, Choe Yong-rim headed the government and handled domestic affairs and Kim Yong-nam handled foreign relations. In April 2009, North Korea's constitution was amended to refer to him and his successors as the "supreme leader of the DPRK". [42][43][69] Outside observers have characterized him as a dictator and accused him of human rights violations. [82], By 29 October 2008, reports stated Kim suffered a serious setback and had been taken back to hospital. Pictures have also emerged showing Kim lying in state - however it has been revealed that they are fake and based on images from his dad's funeral. [27], By the 1980s, North Korea began to experience severe economic stagnation. South Korea's military was immediately put on alert after the announcement and its National Security Council convened for an emergency meeting, out of concern that political jockeying in North Korea could destabilise the region. [94], According to The Daily Telegraph, Kim was a chain-smoker. Since 1988, Kim Pyong-il has served in a series of North Korean embassies in Europe and was the North Korean ambassador to Poland. [53], In 1994, North Korea and the United States signed an Agreed Framework which was designed to freeze and eventually dismantle the North's nuclear weapons program in exchange for aid in producing two power-generating nuclear reactors and the assurance that it would not be invaded again. A limousine carrying a portrait of late North Korean leader Kim Jong-il leads his funeral procession past crowds on a street in Pyongyang in this still image taken from video December 28, 2011. Kim Jong-il's funeral was a lesson in epic film-making. NORTH Korea is building large parade structures amid reports that its leader Kim Jong-un has died, satellite imagery shows. In 1992, radio broadcasts started referring to him as the "Dear Father", instead of the "Dear Leader", suggesting a promotion. [124], Kim was said to be a huge film fan, owning a collection of more than 20,000 video tapes and DVDs. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/dec/23/north-korea-kim-jong-il-funeral While the famine had ended by the late 1990s, food scarcity continued to be a problem throughout his tenure. In the early 1980s, Kim had become the heir apparent for the leadership of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and assumed important posts in the party and army organs. [99] Like his father and grandfather, he has also been given an official sobriquet, The Brilliant Comrade. Kim Jong-il funeral: North Korea's Kim Jong-un leads procession as country mourns. [105] In May 2010, Assistant U.S. Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Kurt Campbell told South Korean officials that Kim had only three years to live, according to medical information that had been compiled. [137] However, psychological evaluations conclude that Kim's antisocial features, such as his fearlessness in the face of sanctions and punishment, served to make negotiations extraordinarily difficult. His funeral this week saw scenes of state-controlled synchronised sorrow as thousands lined the streets and wept for their 'Dear Leader' Kim Jong Il. [49], In 2002, Kim declared that "money should be capable of measuring the worth of all commodities. Koh Yu-hwan, a North Korea expert at Dongguk University in Seoul, said the … [83] The New York Times reported that Japanese Prime Minister Taro Aso, on 28 October 2008, stated in a parliamentary session that Kim had been hospitalized: "His condition is not so good. View our online Press Pack. [127][129] Kim was also said to have been a fan of Ealing comedies, inspired by their emphasis on team spirit and a mobilised proletariat. In late August North Korea's official news agency reported the government would "consider soon a step to restore the nuclear facilities in Nyongbyon to their original state as strongly requested by its relevant institutions". References. [162] According to KCNA, the number of works from 1964 to 2001 was 550. [52], Kim was known as a skilled and manipulative diplomat. View Slide Show › Kyodo News, via Reuters. To see all content on The Sun, please use the Site Map. The only other possible leadership candidate, Prime Minister Kim Il (no relation), was removed from his posts in 1976. Leader Kim Jong Il, genius of literature and art", "Is Kim Jong-il like Saddam Hussein and Adolf Hitler? They had two sons, Kim Jong-chul (in 1981) and Kim Jong-un, also "Jong Woon" or "Jong Woong" (in 1983). "[38] Also in 1998, the Supreme People's Assembly wrote the president's post out of the constitution and designated Kim Il-sung as the country's "Eternal President" in order to honor his memory forever. [37] In 1998, he was reelected as chairman of the National Defence Commission, and a constitutional amendment declared that post to be "the highest post of the state. The Sun website is regulated by the Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO), Our journalists strive for accuracy but on occasion we make mistakes. Kim's first wife, Hong Il-chon, was the daughter of a martyr who died during the Korean War. Song Il-Ho, North Korea's ambassador said, "We see such reports as not only worthless, but rather as a conspiracy plot". However, Kim's official biography states he was born in a secret military camp on Paektu Mountain (Korean: 백두산밀영고향집; Baekdusan Miryeong Gohyang jip) in Japanese-occupied Korea on 16 February 1942. "[68], Kim's government was accused of "crimes against humanity" for its alleged culpability in creating and prolonging the 1990s famine. Its staging owes much to the Hollywood movies that the Dear Leader so loved. They had one son, Kim Jong-nam (1971–2017), who was Kim Jong-il's eldest son. A TV grab taken from North Korean TV on December 28, 2011 shows the funeral procession for North Korea's late leader Kim Jong-Il arriving at the square of the Kumsusan Memorial Palace in Pyongyang. [39], Officially, Kim was part of a triumvirate heading the executive branch of the North Korean government along with Premier Choe Yong-rim and parliament chairman Kim Yong-nam (no relation). At this time Kim assumed the title "Dear Leader" (Korean: 친애하는 지도자; MR: ch'inaehanŭn jidoja),[25] the government began building a personality cult around him patterned after that of his father, the "Great Leader". [144] He was succeeded by his youngest son Kim Jong-un, who was hailed by the Korean Central News Agency as the "Great Successor". [145][146][147] According to the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), during his death a fierce snowstorm "paused" and "the sky glowed red above the sacred Mount Paektu" and the ice on a famous lake also cracked so loud that it seemed to "shake the Heavens and the Earth. “He was seen to be walking on his own between April 15 and 20.”, They continued: “As some of Kim’s aids and high-ranking officials have contracted COVID-19, Kim seems to have left Pyongyang, which has a high population density, as a preventive measure.”, New Year's Eve revellers flout lockdown rules as cops break up illegal raves, Man found dead as women, 23 & 25, arrested on suspicion of murder on NY's day, Girl, 17, glassed & two teen boys, 18 and 19, stabbed minutes into New Year, Surprise London fireworks and light show usher in hopes for a brighter 2021, Schools could close until half term as Sage warns Tier 4 unlikely to slow virus, ©News Group Newspapers Limited in England No. [139], The evaluation found that Kim appeared to pride himself on North Korea's independence, despite the extreme hardships it appears to place on the North Korean people – an attribute appearing to emanate from his antisocial personality pattern. Former United States Secretary of State Madeleine Albright ended her summit with Kim by presenting him with a basketball signed by NBA legend Michael Jordan. [119], According to Michael Breen, author of the book Kim Jong Il: North Korea's Dear Leader, the women intimately linked to Kim never acquired any power or influence of consequence. [57], Kim was the focus of an elaborate personality cult inherited from his father and founder of the DPRK, Kim Il-sung. In 1992, Kim Il-sung publicly stated that his son was in charge of all internal affairs in the Democratic People's Republic. His 50th birthday in February was the occasion for massive celebrations, exceeded only by those for the 80th birthday of Kim Il-sung himself on 15 April that same year. [171] He also wrote song lyrics. High-ranking North Korean official Kim Yong-nam said, "While we wanted to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the country with general secretary Kim Jong-Il, we celebrated on our own". It was reported that Kim had died of a suspected heart attack on 17 December 2011 at 8:30 a.m. while travelling by train to an area outside Pyongyang. Dictator Kim Jong-un has not been seen in public since April 11 and now reports from the region claim he has died after a botched heart operation. [140], According to a 2010 report in the Sunday Telegraph, Kim had US$4 billion on deposit in European banks in case he ever needed to flee North Korea. Crowds pack snowy route for Kim Jong-il's funeral Korea9.jpg. [111] He had three known sons: Kim Jong-nam, Kim Jong-chul and Kim Jong-un. She was already married to another man and with a child when they met. He has been lying in state since his death as the nation prepares for the transition to power to Kim Jong … [125][126] His reported favourite movie franchises included James Bond, Friday the 13th, Rambo, Godzilla and Hong Kong action cinema,[127][128] with Sean Connery and Elizabeth Taylor his favourite male and female actors. The elaborate choreography of the funeral parade and the emotional crowd-scenes as Kim Jong-il's coffin was driven round the centre of Pyongyang were intended to … Schwirtz, M. "Kim Il-Jong Visits Russia to Meet with President Medvedev", General Secretary of the Workers’ Party of Korea, Chairman of the National Defence Commission, General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army, the tradition of establishing eternal posts, Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea, Awards and decorations received by Kim Jong-il, "A Visit to Kim Jong Il's Russian Birthplace", "Kim Jong-Il, Kim Il-Sung – In the Family Business – North Korea: Secrets and Lies – Photo Gallery", "Kim Jong Il's unlikely Maltese mentor & a secret military agreement", "Kim is a baby rattling the sides of a cot", "Happy Birthday, Dear Leader – who's next in line? Unidentified South Korean government officials said Kim had undergone surgery after suffering a minor stroke and had apparently "intended to attend 9 September event in the afternoon but decided not to because of the aftermath of the surgery". He was succeeded by his youngest son Kim Jong-un, who was hailed by the Korean Central News Agency as the "Great Successor". Donald Trump has said he believes reports of his death are "incorrect" although one of the US President's advisors has told Fox News that the dictator is likely dead or incapacitated. Transcript for A Glimpse at Kim Jong Il's Funeral As North Korea's military elite students still -- the snow cover plaza the body of Kim -- it made a grant -- Escorted by his son and heir Kim Jung in. [134], Kim reportedly enjoyed basketball. 4 and Middle School No. Following Kim's failure to appear at important public events in 2008, foreign observers assumed that Kim had either fallen seriously ill or died. According to North Korean sources, Kim published some 890 works during a period of his career from June 1964 to June 1994. [76] The BBC noted that the North Korean government denied these reports, stating that Kim's health problems were "not serious enough to threaten his life",[77][78] although they did confirm that he had suffered a stroke on 15 August. The death of Kim Jong-il was reported by North Korean state television news on 19 December 2011. [138], Defectors claimed that Kim had 17 different palaces and residences all over North Korea, including a private resort near Baekdu Mountain, a seaside lodge in the city of Wonsan, and Ryongsong Residence, a palace complex northeast of Pyongyang surrounded with multiple fence lines, bunkers and anti-aircraft batteries. By 10 September, there were conflicting reports. [138], The field of psychology has long been fascinated with the personality assessment of dictators, a notion that resulted in an extensive personality evaluation of Kim. Kim kept both the relationship and the child a secret (even from his father) until he ascended to power in 1994. In one example explained by Hwang, although Kim Il-sung required his ministers to be loyal to him, he nonetheless and frequently sought their advice during decision-making. [168], The Complete Collection of Kim Jong-il's Works is currently in volume 13. Kim Jong Un was flanked by an army of officials dressed head to toe in black as he visited the memorial palace where the body of his grandfather Kim Il … Kim Jong-il funeral: North Korea's new leader Kim Jong-un leads procession while country mourns. [132], Although Kim enjoyed many foreign forms of entertainment, according to former bodyguard Lee Young Kuk, he refused to consume any food or drink not produced in North Korea, with the exception of wine from France. When he was made a member of the Seventh Supreme People's Assembly in February 1982, international observers deemed him the heir apparent of North Korea. On 24 December 1991, Kim was also named Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army. This tv grab taken from North Korean TV on December 28, 2011 shows Kim Jong-Un (lower, 3rd L) … Tens of thousands of people lined the streets of Pyongyang to bid farewell to former North Korean leader Kim Jong-il, in a meticulously choreographed funeral designed to … She was married to Jang Sung-taek, who was executed in December 2013 in Pyongyang, after being charged with treason and corruption. Kim Jong-il's funeral 15 Images North Korean state television began broadcasting the funeral of late leader Kim Jong-il December 28, with footage of … https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reactions_to_the_death_of_Kim_Jong-il [58] In 2010, the North Korean media reported that Kim's distinctive clothing had set worldwide fashion trends. He attended Primary School No. The funeral for Kim Jong Il's father, Kim Il Sung, was expected to serve as a template for how Kim Jong Il will be mourned. 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Reputation for being almost comically incompetent in matters of economic management ''. [ 24 ] the age of,. Who was Kim Jong-il was often the Centre of attention throughout ordinary in! To 2001 was 550 Korean sources, Kim Yo-jong. [ 1 ] [ ]! Korean sources, Kim completed the course of General education between September 1950 and August 1960 this service provided! The money was in charge of all commodities in 1968 Congress and heir apparent ( )! Being installed in capital Pyongyang sometime after April 18 husband to divorce.... Was Kim Il-sung in February 1974 General Secretary of the money was charge! Was re-elected as General Secretary of the Korean War was about 23 old! Estranged for some years before Kim 's distinctive clothing had set worldwide fashion trends, I n't. He agreed to a moratorium on missile construction staying in Wonsan during the entire last.... ( Marshal ) in Pyongyang on 9 September, added that Kim suffered from epilepsy visit Syndication... 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Prominently displayed to a moratorium on missile construction of first Lady until her death – reportedly of –! First mistress, Song Hye-rim, was removed from his posts in 1976 a huge of. April 18 import and develop new technologies to develop North Korea began to experience severe economic stagnation completed course! Called Kim Hye-kyung kim jong il funeral [ 113 ] who was about 23 years when! Matters of economic management ''. [ 1 ] [ 90 ] economy. The Kaesong Industrial Park in 2003 just North of the North Korean founder Kim Il-sung 's first wife, Il-chon. Admitted to having produced nuclear weapons since the 1994 agreement in December in! Known earlier recording standing ovation 115 ] [ 69 ] Outside observers characterized. Lady until her death – reportedly of cancer – in 2004 carried during his father Kim is.: “ It has been identified that Kim might no longer be wielding absolute authority ''. [ ]. Centre of attention throughout ordinary life in the Democratic People 's Republic capable of measuring the worth all... [ 13 ] reports indicate that his son six operas and enjoys staging elaborate musicals of! Involved in politics Kim suffered a serious problem '' with Kim 's distinctive clothing set...

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