When the Senate ordered Julius Caesar, conqueror of Gaul, to disband his troops, he instead marched his soldiers across the Rubicon River, in violation of Roman law. Note that Rubicon is capitalized as it is a proper noun, related phrases are crosses the Rubicon, crossed the Rubicon, crossing the Rubicon. That war did more than topple the Roman republic and replace it with a Roman empire. With Nathan Dean Williams, Diana Dimitrova, Marcel Dorian, Jack Ellis. In the sight of the Senate, crossing the Rubicon River with his army would be viewed as an act of treason – an insurrection, and according to Roman law, an act of war. caesar crossing the rubicon – Gemälden von Toperfect-Galerie zum Fabrikpreis kaufen, 100% Zufriedenheit garantiert. Before his military exploits in Gaul, Caesar was very much the junior of the two, and only rose to prominence when elected consul in 59 BC. Directed by Gareth Johnson. I, Gaius Caesar, in spite of such great deeds would have been condemned, had I not sought help from my army (hoc uoluerunt. Crossing the Rubicon: Brutal Role Models Influenced Julius Caesar’s Rise to Power. The phrase: “Crossing the Rubicon” refers to when Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon river with a legion on January 10, 49 BC, leading to the Roman Civil War. In 49 B.C. Crossing The Rubicon, Literally – Caesar Sparks War In 49 BC. Caesar decided his best bet was to enter Rome ready to fight and crossed the Rubicon with his army in January of 49 B.C. The Die is Cast. As a result, powerful men became more powerful still by fielding their own private armies, and the last troubled years of the Republic had already seen the Senate’s power crumble in the face of the ambition of Marius, and his rival Sulla. and lasted until 476 C.E. Crossing it was the initial event in Julius Caesar’s takeover of the Roman government. In January 49 BC, he crossed the Rubicon River with his army, in violation of sacred Roman law, and begin a civil war. “ Alea iacta est,” said Caesar: The die is cast. After crossing the Rubicon, Caesar advanced to Ariminum (modern-day Rimini), the first city outside his province. Info. Caesar knew this would happen. “Crossing the Rubicon” became a popular phrase describing a step that definitely commits a person to a given course of action. After Caesar's crossing, the Rubicon was a geographical feature of note until about 42 BC, when Octavian merged the Province of Gallia Cisalpina into Italia and the river ceased to be the extreme northern border of Italy. When the Senate ordered Julius Caesar, conqueror of Gaul, to disband his troops, he instead marched his soldiers across the Rubicon River, in violation of Roman law. He was explicitly ordered not to bring his army across the Rubicon River. Julius Caesar led his legion across the Rubicon river from Cisalpine Gaul to Italy. What does cross the Rubicon expression mean? Shopping. The bridge at Savignano. The Senate turned to its proconsul, Pompey the Great, for help. The Rubicon was part of the northern boundary of the portion of Italy under the direct control of the Roman senate. While Caesar's gamble and campaign toward the heart of Rome would ultimately prove to be successful, crossing the Rubicon would become an idiomatic expression meaning to cross a point of no return. Cross the rubicon definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Plutarch of Chaeronea (46-c.122): influential Greek philosopher and author, well known for his biographies and his moral treatises. He too was a famously brilliant commander, but was now ageing while Caesar’s star was in the ascendancy. Crossing it was the initial event in Julius Caesar’s takeover of the Roman government. On the north-western side, the border was marked by the river Arno, a much wider and more important waterway, which flows westward from the Apennine Mountains (its source is not far from Rubicon's source) into the Tyrrhenian Sea. Today, the meaning of crossing the Rubicon refers to making a challenging decision that can have unpredictable consequences. Directed by John Ealer, David O'Neill. Governors of Roman provinces were appointed promagistrates with imperium (roughly, "right to command") in one or more provinces. Roman historian, Suetonius, depicts Caesar as undecided as he approached the river, and attributes the crossing to a supernatural apparition. the general — under orders from the Roman Senate to disband his armies — made the cold-blooded decision to lead his army across the Rubicon river into Italy. Discover (and save!) Caesar's crossing of the Rubicon was so historically significant that, to this day, there's a common saying for it. What does cross the Rubicon expression mean? Caesar's decision for swift action forced Pompey, the consuls and a large part of the Roman Senate to flee Rome in fear. Jealousy and fear, combined with the death of his wife – who was also his Caesar’s daughter – meant that their formal alliance broke down during the latter’s long absence.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'historyhit_com-banner-1','ezslot_17',161,'0','0'])); In 50 BC, Caesar was ordered to disband his army and return to Rome, where he was banned from running for a second consulship and would be on trial for treason and war crimes following his unlicensed conquests. Lucan's account of Caesar crossing the Rubicon (1.213–22) is dense with metapoetic allusion. carotta.de Jordan: Caesar erwäh nt die Üb erschreitun g des R ubikons nicht, er spricht jedoch von den Rekrutierungen de s Pompeius . He was explicitly ordered not to take his army across the Rubicon river, which was at that time a northern boundary of Italy. Caesar's allies in the Senate, especially Mark Anthony, Curio, Cassius and Caelius Rufus, tried to defend their patron, but were threatened with violence. By doing so, he broke the law on imperium (right to command) and made armed conflict inevitable. The Optimates fled to Greece under the command of Pompey since they were incapable of defending the city of Rome itself against Caesar. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Coordinates: 44°05′35″N 12°23′45″E / 44.093029°N 12.395834°E / 44.093029; 12.395834, January 49 BCE event leading to the Roman Civil War; also used as an idiom to mean a point of no return, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "How Julius Caesar Started a Big War by Crossing a Small Stream", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crossing_the_Rubicon&oldid=991762027, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from May 2015, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 18:14. When Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BCE, the fate of the Roman Republic had already been sealed. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. See search results for this author. With the death of Crassus in 53 BCE. Losing his governorship was a slap in the face to Caesar, but returning to Rome as a private citizen was even worse. To "cross the Rubicon" means to cross a point of no return. It was reported that Caesar dined with Sallust, Hirtius, Oppius, Lucius Balbus and Sulpicus Rufus on the night after his famous crossing into Italy January 10.. How Much – If Any – of the Romulus Legend Is True? The Rubicon (Latin: Rubico, Italian: Rubicone pronounced ) is a shallow river in northeastern Italy, just south of Ravenna.It was known as Fiumicino prior to 1933, when it was identified with the ancient river Rubicon, famously crossed by Julius Caesar in 49 BC.. Danach machte er sich zum Alleinherrscher über das römische Reich. Julius Caesar was ordered by the Senate to disband his armies and leave them in Northern Italy. This post is also available in: Polish . The Rubicon was part of the northern boundary of the portion of Italy under the direct control of the Roman senate. Crossing the Rubicon: Caesar's Decision and the Fate of Rome Hardcover – January 7, 2020 by Luca Fezzi (Author) › Visit Amazon's Luca Fezzi Page. Julius Caesar and the Crossing of the Rubicon, Francesco Granacci, 1494. Crossing the Rubicon: Caesar's Decision and the Fate of Rome (English Edition) eBook: Fezzi, Luca: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop He had other ideas. What does Crossing the Rubicon expression mean? These powerful men had little need of the senate, and in 58 BC Caesar used their influence to secure a command in the Alps which, by giving him years of freedom and 20,000 men to command, broke every law of the Senate.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'historyhit_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_8',143,'0','0'])); Caesar used the following five years to become one of the most brilliant and successful commanders in history. Today, the phrase "crossing the Rubicon" is a metaphor that means to pass a point of no return. It was reported that Caesar dined with Sallust, Hirtius, Oppius, Lucius Balbus and Sulpicus Rufus on the night after his famous crossing into Italy January 10. Upon crossing the Rubicon, Caesar, according to Plutarch and Suetonius, is supposed to have quoted the Athenian playwright Menander, in Greek, "the die is cast". Caesar Crosses the Rubicon (52 to 49 B.C.E.) The world yet lives with the repercussions of the civil war Gaius Julius Caesar precipitated when he led his army across the Rubicon River in 49 BC. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Learn about Author Central . The phrase refers to how Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon river and became embroiled in civil war in 49 BCE. The decision robbed the Rubicon of its importance, and the name gradually disappeared from the local toponymy. The phrase: “Crossing the Rubicon” refers to when Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon river with a legion on January 10, 49 BC, leading to the Roman Civil War. The governors then served as generals of the Roman army within the territory they ruled. Share. There had been many civil wars in the previous century but the one started by Caesar was to change Roman history forever. Jul 14, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Räuber Hotzenplotz. Crossing the Rubicon phrase. In fact, the foundations of Rome’s unique representative government had been crumbling for more than 50 years before Caesar’s river excursion. He crossed over the Rubicon river with the 13th Legion, a clear violation of Roman Law, and marched to Rome. Caesar’s crossing of the Rubicon. Roman law specified that only the elected magistrates (consuls and praetors) could hold imperium within Italy. Fully aware of the momentous nature of his decision, Caesar ignored the warning and began to march south on Rome. Julius Caesar was ordered by the Senate to disband his armies and leave them in Northern Italy. on the banks of the Rubicon, Julius Caesar faced a critical choice. Julius Caesar and the Crossing of the Rubicon, Francesco Granacci, 1494. With this in mind, it is hardly surprising that the proud and ambitious general, who knew that he enjoyed the adulation of the people, decided to cross the river Rubicon with his armies on the 10 January 49 BC.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historyhit_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_15',144,'0','0'])); The gamble paid off. Since the celebrated general (and major influence on Caesar) Gaius Marius had reformed the Roman legions along more professional lines by paying them himself, soldiers had increasingly owed their loyalty to their generals rather than the more abstract idea of a citizen republic. You can't take that back. FREAKY - In Theaters November 13 (TV SPOT 3) (HD) Watch later. The huge, multi-racial and famously fearsome territory of Gaul (modern France) was conquered and subdued in one of the most complete conquests in history. It means a person has definitively committed him or herself to a course of action, and there is no turning back. A new online only channel for history lovers, Roman Navy in Britain: The Classis Britannica with Simon Elliott. Caesar's hard-won victory over Gaul endears him to the Roman people but leads to a military showdown with the Senate and his former ally, Pompey. Suetonius was a Roman historian and biographer. When Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BCE, the fate of the Roman Republic had already been sealed.