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1 samuel 22 commentary

This probably wasn’t what David really wanted to hear but he obeyed anyway. 1 Samuel 22:1-8.DAVID'S KINDRED AND OTHERS RESORT TO HIM AT ADULLAM. b. 1 Samuel 22 – David at the Adullam Cave, Saul Murders the Priests A. David at Adullam cave. iv. You love evil more than good, lying rather than speaking righteousness. a. Did I then begin to inquire of God for him? i. : This was David’s place of refuge. 1 Samuel 22 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. v. The LORD brought David into this place while He was still in the. So he became captain over them. Will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands and captains of hundreds? And Abiathar told David that Saul had killed the LORD’s priests. In Psalm 52, David showed his confidence in God’s judgments: God shall likewise destroy you forever; He shall take you away, and pluck you out of your dwelling place, and uproot you from the land of the living. And he became commander over them. v. The LORD brought David into this place while He was still in the Adullam cave. Surely, they are working together against you Saul, and Ahimelech probably knows exactly where David is and where he is going.”. (6-8) Feeling sorry for himself, Saul accuses his aides of treason. Psalm 57 shows David with a prayerful heart: I will cry out to God Most High, to God who performs all things for me. . . Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 22:17. a. c. With me you shall be safe: David could not do anything about the priests who were already murdered. He also knew how to divert Saul’s anger and suspicion from his own staff to the priests. This probably wasn’t what David really wanted to hear but he obeyed anyway. They had problems of their own, yet God called them to David at the Adullam cave. They had problems of their own, yet God called them to David at the Adullam cave. These men were in debt. These were not the men David would choose for himself, but they were the ones God called to him. And everyone. 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. d. And there were about four hundred men with him: David was the one anointed by God to be the next king over Israel, and he became Israel’s greatest earthly king. iii. When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then You knew my path. Now, all he can do is minister to the need in front of him – Abiathar, the surviving priest. Also, notice how Saul referred to David: “, .” He didn’t say, “The Man Who Killed Goliath,” or “The Man Who Killed 200 Philistines,” or “The Man Anointed by God.” Saul knew that David came from a family of simple farmers, so he called him by the humblest name he could think of –, All of you have conspired against me… there is not one of you who is sorry for me. In 1 Samuel 15:22 Samuel said that it is better to obey God than to *sacrifice to him. . So when his brothers and all his father’s house heard it, they went down there to him: First, David’s family came to him. Saul kills the priests of Nob. “Look at all the help Ahimelech gave David. So, Psalm 142 described David’s discouraged heart: I cry out to the LORD with my voice; with my voice to the LORD I make my supplication. Salem Media Group. (Psalm 52:5), iii. David . But they proved ruinous to Saul's own interest, as they alienated the priesthood and disgusted all good men in the kingdom. is important. In Psalm 52, David showed his confidence in God’s judgments: God shall likewise destroy you forever; He shall take you away, and pluck you out of your dwelling place, and uproot you from the land of the living. 1 Samuel 22:20-23 . And Saul said, “Hear now, son of Ahitub!” And he answered, “Here I am, my lord.” Then Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread and a sword, and have inquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day?” So Ahimelech answered the king and said, “And who among all your servants. He became paranoid and whiny, and he led through guilt and accusation. All of you have conspired against me, and, no one who reveals to me that my son has made a covenant with the son of Jesse—and, not one of you who is sorry for me or reveals to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as, David and the men who were with him had been discovered. 22. b. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. i. discontented gathered to him. Psalm 57 shows David with a realistic heart: My soul is among lions… they have prepared a net for my steps. Your tongue devises destruction, like a sharp razor, working deceitfully. And the king said to Doeg, “You turn and kill the priests!” So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests, and killed on that day eighty-five men who wore a linen ephod. And there were about four hundred men with him. 1 Samuel 1. I have caused the death of all the persons of your father’s house. 1 Samuel 22:9-16 . David at Adullam and Mizpah - David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. 1. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. He must have been much pained, when he considered that his falsehood was one cause of this fatal event. They knew the bitterness of life, and they were not satisfied with their lives or with King Saul. Their own lives weren’t easy or together. In Psalm 52, David showed his focus on the LORD: But I am like a green olive tree in the house of God; I trust in the mercy of God forever and ever. So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests, : Doeg, who was not a Jew but an Edomite, didn’t hesitate to murder the priests and their families. Four hundred men, and desperate men at that. Click on the different category headings to find out more. escaped to the cave Adullam--supposed to be that now called Deir-Dubban, a number of pits or underground vaults, some nearly square, and all about fifteen or twenty feet deep, with perpendicular sides, in the soft limestone or chalky rocks. And when his brothers and all his father’s house heard it, they went down there to him. I pour out my complaint before Him; I declare before Him my trouble. i. 1 Samuel 22:20 - But one son of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David. Psalm 57 shows David with a prayerful heart: I will cry out to God Most High, to God who performs all things for me. a. David therefore departed from there: David had been through a lot. When Saul heard that David and the men who. of “His anger was bent against the Lord himself, for taking away his kingdom, and giving it to another: and because he could not come at the Lord, therefore he wreaketh his rage upon his priests.” (Trapp), ii. A prayer when he was in the cave. Now they join him at the Adullam cave. (1b-2) Others come to David at the Adullam cave. And Saul said, “Hear now, son of Ahitub!” And he answered, “Here I am, my lord.” Then Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread and a sword, and have inquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as it is this day?” So Ahimelech answered the king and said, “And who among all your servants is as faithful as David, who is the king’s son-in-law, who goes at your bidding, and is honorable in your house? David had to learn to trust God. But he could go to a humble. ii. . . This was a solid beginning to a rebel army if David wanted it. They wanted something different, and something better, and God called them to David at the Adullam cave. (Psalm 57:2), iii. v. “These are the kind of men who came to David: distressed, bankrupt, dissatisfied. Over and over again in the Scriptures, God’s work is led by a called and anointed man. David couldn’t help but consider how far he had come from a great victory to running around like a criminal, hiding in a cave. But just as much as God called David, God called these four hundred to come beside David. 1 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. That is why he acted. Verses 11-12 show that Saul had been afraid of the situation. “Hereby also God would exercise David’s faith, and wisdom, and courage; and so prepare him for the kingdom, and uphold and increase his reputation among the people.” (Poole), When Saul heard that David and the men who were with him had been discovered—now Saul was staying in Gibeah under a tamarisk tree in Ramah, with his spear in his hand, and all his servants standing about him—then Saul said to his servants who stood about him, “Hear now, you Benjamites! 1 Samuel 22 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. “You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and your father’s house”: Any man in the place of sin and rebellion Saul was in can’t stand to see an innocent, guileless man like Ahimelech disagree with him. The informer, if he knew it, said nothing of the cunning artifice by which David obtained the aid of Ahimelech. JAMES ROSSCUP - Commentaries for Biblical Expositors. (Psalm 142:1-4). “Cave Adullam”: A cave near Adullam was David’s refuge. ii. They hadn’t seen a lot of success in the past, and were stung from their past failures. He confessed his guilt in the matter and sought forgiveness from the LORD. 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. , but the cave wasn’t to be David’s refuge. He knew he was called and anointed to be the next king of Israel, but he had no idea how God would get him there. Saul here threatens the Benjaminites with the idea that, if another king is chosen, he will favor his tribe in the same manner that Saul has favored the Benjaminites. (1-3) The Israelites ask for a king. came to him. 1. Each principle is important. A foreigner alone ( Psalms 52:1-3 ) could be found willing to be the executioner of this bloody and sacrilegious sentence. He works through called men and women, but He also calls others to stand with and support those men and women. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. It is great trouble to a good man to find himself any way the cause of evil to others. This was a team that needed a leader, and David became captain over them. 1. I have caused, of all the persons of your father’s house. A prayer when he was in the cave. In the lesser way, David’s lying to Ahimelech made the priest vulnerable before Saul. Jump to: i. 1 Samuel 22:1. .” This is because David told Ahimelech that he was on Saul’s bidding when he was really running for his life (1 Samuel 21:2). The name Adullam means refuge, but the cave wasn’t to be David’s refuge. The king of Moab was an enemy of Saul ( 1 Samuel 14:47 ), and the great-grandson of Ruth, of course, was related to the family of Jesse. These men all came to David when he was down and out, hunted and despised. He is training and preparing them for the day when He shall come to reign.” (Redpath). ii. Last Words Look Forward - 2 Samuel 23:1-7. We often think we have to get out of the cave until we can have the heart David had in Psalm 57. When David came to Ahimelech, the priest questioned him carefully (, Why are you alone, and no one is with you. He was a ruler who governed his brethren and all his father's house . Posted on Oct 21, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 3 minutes. And there were about four hundred men with him. These were not the men David would choose for himself, but they were the ones God called to him. He wanted his parents to be safe in whatever battles he may face in the future. (Psalm 52:1a, 2-4), ii. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. These men were discontented. i. And the king said to Doeg, “You turn and kill the priests!” So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests, and killed on that day eighty-five men who wore a linen ephod. 7, 8. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. 1 Samuel 22:1. Far be it from me! . Most archaeologists believe that the Cave of Adullam was not too far from the place where David defeated Goliath, in the hills of Judah. He simply and honestly said, “Let not the king impute anything to his servant.”. i. Psalm 57 shows David with a humble heart: Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me! Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. And they all came to the king. Psalm 57 describes David as the LORD strengthened him in the cave and prepared him for what was next. (Psalm 57:9, 5, 11). 3. i. David’s lies did not directly kill Ahimelech and the other priests. 5. the prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in the hold--This sound advice, no doubt, came from a higher source than Gad's own sagacity. Then David had a brief but intense period of backsliding, a dramatic turn to the LORD and deliverance from a life-threatening situation. (1-5) Saul destroys the priests of Nob. Now the prophet Gad said to David, “Do not stay in the stronghold; depart, and go to the land of Judah.” So David departed and went into the forest of Hereth. (20-23)1-5 See what weak instruments God sometimes uses, to bring about his own purposes. Their own lives weren’t easy or together. So David said to Abiathar, “I knew that day, when Doeg the Edomite, there, that he would surely tell Saul. i. Saul was reluctant to kill the enemies of the LORD when he was commanded to (1 Samuel 15:9). Saul’s dealing with the prophets (such as Samuel) was almost always negative because Saul resisted the word of God. Saul abode . 247 pp. (16-19) Saul commands the execution of the priests and their families, and Doeg the Edomite carries it out. And when his brothers and all his father’s house heard, , they went down there to him. In the lesser way, David’s lying to Ahimelech made the priest vulnerable before Saul. The glory of these 400 is that they came to David in the cave. This put Ahimelech in a very vulnerable position. a. Login or Create an Account. About four hundred men were with him. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. with him had been discovered—now Saul was staying in Gibeah under a tamarisk tree in Ramah, with his spear in his hand, and all his servants standing about him—then Saul said to his servants who stood about him, “Hear now, you Benjamites! They inquired of the Lord — Either by Urim and Thummim, which was the usual way of inquiry; or by Samuel, who by his prayer procured an answer. c. The cave of Adullam: The title of Psalm 142 reads: A Contemplation of David. SAUL COMMANDS TO KILL THE PRIESTS. David's Kindred and Others Resort to Him at Adullam. This is a precious gift from God because previously all David had was trouble and persecution from his father and his brothers (1 Samuel 16:11 and 1 Samuel 17:28). In the greater way, it was David’s mere presence with Ahimelech that made him guilty before Saul and there really wasn’t anything David or anyone could do about that. 1 Samuel 22 New International Version (NIV) David at Adullam and Mizpah. Proud member The facts looked against him, and the whole priesthood along with him were declared abettors of conspiracy [ 1 Samuel 22:16 1 Samuel 22:17 ]. You can check these in your browser security settings. CHAPTER 22. 2. Psalm 57 shows David with a realistic heart: My soul is among lions… they have prepared a net for my steps. He confessed his guilt in the matter and sought forgiveness from the LORD. iii. We don’t know who wrote the books; certainly, Samuel was a major contributor, but much of the book takes place after his death in 1 Samuel 25. As a result of his fear, he made a number of mistakes. 1 Samuel Chapter 22 Summary. Now one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David. 2 Samuel 22:1 "And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day [that] the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:" The linguistic features of the psalm attest to its antiquity. You love all devouring words, you deceitful tongue. 1 Samuel 22:10 - He inquired of the Lord for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.' 22. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. i. Saul continued in his reckless paranoia. , and desperate men at that. i. Doeg was more than an ambitious man looking to promote himself. d. All of you have conspired against me… there is not one of you who is sorry for me: In his fleshly, self-focused world, everything revolved around Saul. A Michtam of David when he fled from Saul into the cave. This he probably did from a sense of his own unworthiness. These men were in distress. He wanted his parents to be safe in whatever battles he may face in the future. Through Many Dangers, Toils, and Snares - 2 Samuel 22:1-51. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. 19. A verse by verse commentary on 1 Samuel 22 dealing with David in the cave of Adullam. 1 Samuel 10:22. 1Sa 22:1-8. Stay with me; do not fear. 1 Samuel 22. : God called an unlikely and unique group to David in the Adullam cave. For your servant knew nothing of all this, little or much.”, : Ahimelech answered Saul with the honesty of a man with a clear conscience. The sheer pressures of these frustrations drives them to the refuge of the blood of Christ that was shed for them.” (Redpath). So the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father’s house, the priests who were in Nob. So, he commanded him to be murdered. We know from both 1 Samuel and the Psalms that David turned his heart back to the LORD and asked forgiveness after his lies to Ahimelech. David was restored, but there was still bad fruit to come of the lies, and now David sees and tastes that bad fruit.

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